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Technology Stack for Web Application Development in 2022

In this mobile-dominated world, web applications are still popular and a favored solution for businesses for certain functionality. The future of web development company is bright. As technology advances, new opportunities for designing a web application with desired functionality emerge. Selecting the appropriate set of technologies or an advanced technological stack is essential for developing a successful online application.

The right technological stack can help you expand the market for your web app and make your overall web app development project more successful. The web application’s performance is primarily impacted by the technology stack.

An ideal tech stack creates the product development cycle faster and more efficiently, as well as one that can effectively resolve coding issues. They evaluate how your app will operate in the future and prevent any potential development problems.

In light of the necessity of selecting the proper technological stack, we’ve covered every part of the necessary factors and structure of numerous technologies in this article. But, before we get into the meat of the matter, let’s define what a technology stack is.

What is a Technology Stack?

A tech stack is a collection of technologies that a firm uses to create a web or mobile application. It is a set of software tools, programming languages, frameworks, libraries, patterns, servers, UI/UX solutions, and technologies that can be used to create customized software. When developing a web application, we must consider the organization of the technology stack from two perspectives:

  • Front-end
  • Back-end

Let’s take a look at each of them individually.

Front-end/Client-side Technology Stack

The front-end, also known as client-side technology in web application development, is the component that is directly visible to end-users and provides an environment in which they may interact with the program in a real sense. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are commonly used to create client-side web applications. Below, we have adequately explained the components of the front-end technological stack.


HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language, and it is used to describe the structure of content on a webpage. Since HTML offers the root content to computers it is one of the most crucial languages to understand for client-side development


It’s a template language that simulates the overall appearance of an HTML document. CSS is used in designed digital files to explain the content and incorporate labels.


It’s a browser-based programming language that adds interactivity and functionality to web pages.

Angular, Vue.js, and React have been the most prominent front-end JavaScript frameworks for creating extremely engaging user experiences right now.

There are now dedicated web development toolkits accessible, such as Bootstrap and Foundation, to accommodate client needs.

  • Bootstrap: It is a framework for developing user interfaces. Its primary purpose is to make the website more responsive and mobile-friendly.
  • Foundation: This offers tailored frameworks for your product, such as an app, a website, or an email. Its purpose is to make the webpage more accessible.

Back-end/Server-side Technology

The goal of back-end web development technologies is to fuel the front-end while allowing users to execute specified tasks. Since this aspect is not accessible to users, it is referred to as server-side technologies.

Backend technologies include programming languages, servers, and databases. Below we have mentioned some of the most important programming languages and databases.

Programming Language

A programming language used to create the code for a web app. There are multiple languages and frameworks available to ease and improve the coding process. Python, PHP, Ruby, Java, and Scala, as well as their frameworks Django, Laravel, Ruby on Rails, Spring, and Play, are among the most popular tools for back-end development.


There are two types of databases: relational and non-relational. SQL is used to store and retrieve data in structural databases. Oracle, MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, and PostgreSQL are the most widely use relational databases. Non-relational (noSQL) databases, such as MongoDB, use diverse data storage and retrieval models.


The server is responsible for implementing client-requested changes. Web servers like Apache, Nginx, and Microsoft’s Internet Information Server (IIS) are exceptional examples.

Choose From Technology Stacks

Some projects require much more than a single technology or a limited number of stacks. As you might not be familiar with customizing your own technology stack, we’ve listed some of the most popular web technology stacks used by developers throughout the world.

LAMP Stack

LAMP is an acronym that stands for Linux, Apache, My SQL, and PHP. It is among the most secure, adaptable, and configurable stacks, which is why full-stack web developers use it for web application development.

MERN Stack

MongoDB, Expres.js, React/Redux, and Node.js are the components of MERN. It’s ideal for responsive web development services.

MEAN Stack

MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js are among the components of this stack. MEAN is an implementation of the “JavaScript everywhere” feature, in which the same programming language is use on both the client and the server.

Python-Django Stack

It is reliant on the Python programming language. Python-Django also makes use of the Apache web server and MySQL database.

MEVN Stack

MEVN is a prominent tech stack that differs from MEAN in that it uses Vue.js. It should surely be consider if you’re seeking some out-of-the-box solutions for your projects.

Factors to Keep in Mind While Choosing Right the Technology Stack

Project Size/Complexity

It is the most important factor to consider while selecting a technology stack. The projects can be categorize according to their size and complexity. The complexity of a project is straightforwardly relative to its size. The project can be categorize into three categories.

  • Small-size Web App
  • Mid-size Web App
  • Large-size Web App

Team Expertise

A web app is built for a certain platform, whether it be mobile, desktop, or both. So, selecting the correct stack necessitates extensive architectural and technical knowledge.


Upscaling is an essential component for any type of web app project.

  • Vertical Scalability: The capacity to add new functionality to an existing system via different modules to appeal to a larger audience.
  • Horizontal Scalability: The ability to handle additional requests with the same number of functions.

If you plan to serve a big number of people, be sure your app servers can handle high traffic without causing problems or going offline. Consider incorporating Angular and Node.js in your stack in this situation, as they provide good scalability.


The time taken for a product to reach the consumer market is refer to as “time-to-market.” If you need to get your project up and running quickly, an MVP is a good place to start. You may utilize agile development approaches, ready-made solutions, or frameworks that allow for easy integration to do this.

Third-party Integration Capabilities

It is crucial to employ a stack that provides seamless third-party Integration capabilities to reduce the entire development process, adding extra functionality without coding them from scratch.


As absolute security and invulnerability to hackers are unachievable, ensure that the security precautions are thoroughly examine before installing the tech stack for web development. Vulnerabilities hidden within the code can be kept to a minimum if suitable security rules and best practices are followed.

Closing Remarks

Choosing the right web development technology stack for your project might have a big impact on its future. Furthermore, it necessitates a thorough preparation process that includes analyzing criteria in order to select the appropriate technological stack.

To make your web application development successful, hire software experts who can help you put your ideas into action.


Shahid Mansuri Co-founder Peerbits, one of the leading Top mobile application development company USA, in 2011 which provides full stack development services. His ability to hire mobile app developer possessing high quality and flamboyant management style have yield fruitful results for the company. He believes in sharing his strong knowledge base with learned concentration on entrepreneurship and business.

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